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Dragon fruit or pitaya is a fruit that only grows in the tropics and subtropics, such as South America and Asia. Like the name, This fruit has a skin resembling dragon scales, which is a legendary mythical animal from China. The shape of the plant is also unique because it has a stem that resembles a large cactus. Even though it looks unique, Dragon fruit turns out to have a myriad of benefits and properties for health. This fruit is also rich in nutrients, so that it can help fulfill nutritional needs your daily.

The nutritional content of dragon fruit

Dragon fruit has a number of varieties, which is characterized by differences in the color of the skin and flesh of the fruit. In Indonesia, There are two varieties or types of dragon fruit that are commonly found, namely red dragon fruit and white dragon fruit.

Even though they have different colors, Both have almost the same nutritional content. Based on Indonesia's Food Composition Data, nutritional content of 100 grams of raw red dragon fruit is:

  • Air: 85,7 gram
  • Energy: 71 kal.
  • Protein: 1,7 gram
  • Fat: 3,1 gram
  • Carbohydrate: 9,1 gram
  • Fiber: 3,2 gram
  • Abu: 0,4 gram
  • Calcium: 13 mg
  • Phosphor: 14 mg
  • Iron: 0,4 mg
  • sodium: 10 mg
  • Potassium: 128 mg
  • Seng (Zinc): 0,4 mg
  • Vitamin B1: ,5 mg
  • Vitamin B2: 0,3 mg
  • Niacin or vitamin B3: 0,5 mg
  • Vitamin C: 1 mg

Not just the content above, Dragon fruit also contains vitamins and mineral other, such as vitamin E and magnesium. other than that, Cleveland Clinic mention, This fruit also contains lycopene, i.e. compounds of the group carotenoids which gives the red color to the fruit.

Lycopene have properties antioxidant which can ward off free radicals, as the cause of various diseases. Apart from lycopene, Dragon fruit also contains other antioxidant compounds that are important for the body, namely betalains and hydroxycinnamates.

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Various benefits of dragon fruit for health

Based on the above contents, Here are the benefits and efficacy of dragon fruit:, including red dragon fruit, for your health:

1. Keep skin firm and elastic

Dragon fruit is a good source of antioxidants due to its high vitamin C content as well as various bioactive compounds in it. Meanwhile, Antioxidants are very important to keep skin firm and elastic, so that it can help reduce the signs of skin aging.

2. Reduce cancer risk

Antioxidant compounds in dragon fruit, from both lycopene and hydroxycinnamates, also has properties to help prevent cancer. Reported from Food Insight, Several studies have found that eating foods containing lycopene can reduce the risk of several types of cancer, including prostate cancer, breast cancer, and lung cancer.

3. Improve heart health

Dragon fruit can also help improve your heart health, because it can lower bad cholesterol levels while increasing good cholesterol. This can happen because of the lycopene content, pay, as well as the fiber contained in dragon fruit. Not only that, The seeds in the dragon fruit flesh are also rich in fat omega-3 and omega-9 good for heart health, so it can help prevent heart disease.

4. Control blood sugar levels

The fiber content in dragon fruit can also help control blood sugar levels. It does this by suppressing the sugar spike that occurs after a person eats a meal with glycemic index tall. Not only that, research published in the journal Plos One in 2016 also found the fact that, pitaya can fight insulin resistance in mice, which is one of the causes diabetes.

5. Boost the immune system

Consuming dragon fruit can also help increase immune system You. These benefits can be obtained because of vitamin C and other antioxidant compounds contained in dragon fruit, both red and white dragon fruit. Antioxidants help your body prevent cell damage, which is the cause of various diseases.

6. Relieves cough and flu

In line with the benefits above, dragon fruit can also help soothe cough and flu because of the vitamin C content in it. Although this is not a substitute for medicine, but dragon fruit can help lower your suffering. Because, eat food or The fruit contains vitamin C. can strengthen your immune system, so it can speed up healing.

7. Lose weight

For those of you who are lose weight, consuming dragon fruit can be an option healthy snack your everyday. Because, Dragon fruit is rich in fiber and low in calories, so safe for those who are on a weight loss program. By consuming high fiber food and low in calories, You will feel full longer, so you will eat less. In line with this, You can also avoid obesity.

8. Improve digestive system health

The fiber content in dragon fruit can also provide good benefits for your digestive health. Eating fiber foods can help control bowel movements, so you can prevent constipation. other than that, dragon fruit also contains oligosaccharides, that is one type prebiotics which is good for your digestive system.

9. Maintain bone health

Dragon fruit also contains various minerals that the body needs to maintain healthy bones. These minerals, including magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus. Menurut Food Revolution Network, One cup of dragon fruit pieces contains 80 mg magnesium, which is a quarter of the daily recommended drink.

10. Fight arthritis

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15 Benefits of Dragon Fruit that You May Not Know

15 Manfaat Buah Naga yang Mungkin Belum Anda Ketahui

Dragon fruit or pitaya is a fruit that only grows in the tropics and subtropics, such as South America and Asia. Like the name, This fruit has a skin resembling dragon scales, which is a legendary mythical animal from China. The shape of the plant is also unique because it has a stem that resembles a large cactus. Even though it looks unique, Dragon fruit turns out to have a myriad of benefits and properties for health. This fruit is also rich in nutrients, so that it can help fulfill nutritional needs your daily.

The nutritional content of dragon fruit

Dragon fruit has a number of varieties, which is characterized by differences in the color of the skin and flesh of the fruit. In Indonesia, There are two varieties or types of dragon fruit that are commonly found, namely red dragon fruit and white dragon fruit.

Even though they have different colors, Both have almost the same nutritional content. Based on Indonesia's Food Composition Data, nutritional content of 100 grams of raw red dragon fruit is:

  • Air: 85,7 gram
  • Energy: 71 kal.
  • Protein: 1,7 gram
  • Fat: 3,1 gram
  • Carbohydrate: 9,1 gram
  • Fiber: 3,2 gram
  • Abu: 0,4 gram
  • Calcium: 13 mg
  • Phosphor: 14 mg
  • Iron: 0,4 mg
  • sodium: 10 mg
  • Potassium: 128 mg
  • Seng (Zinc): 0,4 mg
  • Vitamin B1: ,5 mg
  • Vitamin B2: 0,3 mg
  • Niacin or vitamin B3: 0,5 mg
  • Vitamin C: 1 mg

Not just the content above, Dragon fruit also contains vitamins and mineral other, such as vitamin E and magnesium. other than that, Cleveland Clinic mention, This fruit also contains lycopene, i.e. compounds of the group carotenoids which gives the red color to the fruit.

Lycopene have properties antioxidant which can ward off free radicals, as the cause of various diseases. Apart from lycopene, Dragon fruit also contains other antioxidant compounds that are important for the body, namely betalains and hydroxycinnamates.

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Various benefits of dragon fruit for health

Based on the above contents, Here are the benefits and efficacy of dragon fruit:, including red dragon fruit, for your health:

1. Keep skin firm and elastic

Dragon fruit is a good source of antioxidants due to its high vitamin C content as well as various bioactive compounds in it. Meanwhile, Antioxidants are very important to keep skin firm and elastic, so that it can help reduce the signs of skin aging.

2. Reduce cancer risk

Antioxidant compounds in dragon fruit, from both lycopene and hydroxycinnamates, also has properties to help prevent cancer. Reported from Food Insight, Several studies have found that eating foods containing lycopene can reduce the risk of several types of cancer, including prostate cancer, breast cancer, and lung cancer.

3. Improve heart health

Dragon fruit can also help improve your heart health, because it can lower bad cholesterol levels while increasing good cholesterol. This can happen because of the lycopene content, pay, as well as the fiber contained in dragon fruit. Not only that, The seeds in the dragon fruit flesh are also rich in fat omega-3 and omega-9 good for heart health, so it can help prevent heart disease.

4. Control blood sugar levels

The fiber content in dragon fruit can also help control blood sugar levels. It does this by suppressing the sugar spike that occurs after a person eats a meal with glycemic index tall. Not only that, research published in the journal Plos One in 2016 also found the fact that, pitaya can fight insulin resistance in mice, which is one of the causes diabetes.

5. Boost the immune system

tubuh sehat

Consuming dragon fruit can also help increase immune system You. These benefits can be obtained because of vitamin C and other antioxidant compounds contained in dragon fruit, both red and white dragon fruit. Antioxidants help your body prevent cell damage, which is the cause of various diseases.

6. Relieves cough and flu

In line with the benefits above, dragon fruit can also help soothe cough and flu because of the vitamin C content in it. Although this is not a substitute for medicine, but dragon fruit can help lower your suffering. Because, eat food or The fruit contains vitamin C. can strengthen your immune system, so it can speed up healing.

7. Lose weight

For those of you who are lose weight, consuming dragon fruit can be an option healthy snack your everyday. Because, Dragon fruit is rich in fiber and low in calories, so safe for those who are on a weight loss program. By consuming high fiber food and low in calories, You will feel full longer, so you will eat less. In line with this, You can also avoid obesity.

8. Improve digestive system health

The fiber content in dragon fruit can also provide good benefits for your digestive health. Eating fiber foods can help control bowel movements, so you can prevent constipation. other than that, dragon fruit also contains oligosaccharides, that is one type prebiotics which is good for your digestive system.

9. Maintain bone health

Dragon fruit also contains various minerals that the body needs to maintain healthy bones. These minerals, including magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus. Menurut Food Revolution Network, One cup of dragon fruit pieces contains 80 mg magnesium, which is a quarter of the daily recommended drink.

10. Fight arthritis

nyeri sendi

Arthritis or arthritis causing severe irritation to the joints, so that the sufferer can have difficulty moving. As for consuming dragon fruit, it can be an option to help you fight this disease. Because, The antioxidant compounds in this fruit also have anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce inflammation.

11. Reduce acne

Apart from preventing signs of aging, Another benefit of dragon fruit for skin is reducing acne. Apply dragon fruit paste to the reddish facial skin area, for twice a day. The benefits that you can get because of the vitamin C content in this fruit. readmore

source : https://hellosehat.com/nutrisi/fakta-gizi/manfaat-buah-naga/

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